ScienceWISE (phase 1)
|Long Title:||Web-based Interactive Semantic Environment for e-Science - Phase 1|
|Project Leader:||K. Aberer|
|Deputy Project Leader:||A. Boyarsky|
|Bookmarking functionality||Private bookmark collections and offline bookmarks (filtering by concept and/or article categories)|
|Relation Finder||Finding relations between concepts, papers, authors ans passes in ontology.|
|arXiv.org integration||Integration with arXiv.org system (bookmarking and annotated PDF). Example: http://arxiv.org/abs/0812.0010|
|Django-selenium integration library||The Selenium framework is used for web-interface testing. The freamework integration codebase has been separated from the ScienceWISE code and the library is released as an open source.|
|Application Programming Interface (API) for Utopia Documents||Utopia system allows to extend the annotation functionalities to PDF-only papers (without a LaTeX source).|
|ScienceWISE: A Web-based Interactive Semantic Platform for Scientic Collaboration||Paper; International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC) 2011. [Demo Paper won the Best Demo Award]|
|An Integrated Socio-Technical Crowdsourcing Platform for Accelerating Returns in eScience||Paper; International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC) 2011. [Outrageous Idea Track; Won one of the three Outrageous Ideas Prizes awarded by the Computing Community Consortium]|
Two main functionalities have been implemented and improved in the ScienceWISE system:
Both for annotation and bookmarking, users can add concepts, definitions, resources, and relations that they deem necessary. This occurs exclusively through the ScienceWISE ontology, thus creating a mechanism to expand it manually and validate the results of automated expansion. The ability of users to expand the ontology makes this "restrictions of the natural language flexibility" quite mild, while in return part of the scientist's work is performed automatically and the researcher than has just to check and tune suggested set of concepts for indexing, resources for annotation, etc. In addition, the user is empowered with ontology-based methods, that allow him to perform semantic search and recommendation or to navigate using the ontological neighborhood of a paper.
In a second phase the system will be further improved (functionalities, support) and spread into other fields in science
Modern scientific methods require interdisciplinary efforts within adjacent subjects or even between different sciences.
The amount of scientific information constantly grows. Its systematic organization and tools for an effective access becomes a crucial task for successful research. Creation of intra- and inter-disciplinary knowledge bases is complicated by the voluume of the information and its fast update.
This calls for dynamically generated community-run systems as Wikipedia, a virtual organization replacing classical publishers of encyclopedias. However, the quality of science-related articles in Wikipedia is very uneven and unsystematic, making its use for research problematic beyond the "first impression".
Complexity of modern research makes it impossible to disseminate scientific knowledge (via papers, reports, presentations, etc.) in a self-contained manner while still keeping the size within reasonable boundaries. Therefore a number of leading research journals (e.g. Nature, Science) provide a "Supporting Material" - online information, linked to a published article. Such an organization of scientific publications allows to combine presentations of the results with possibility of in-depth comments.
The prototype version of the ScienceWISE system is already functioning. The first invited experts already started to fill the content of encyclopedia definitions and ontological content.
ScienceWISE aims to bridge a well-known gap between textbooks topics and subjects of scientific papers
that every student encounters. This problem becomes important for students in natural sciences, starting
from their 4th year and during their Master's and Ph. D. studies. The ScienceWISE system greatly facilitates
reading of the scientific papers by providing students with the texts, annotated by scientists and linked
against a system of expert-written definition articles and collection of web-resources. The ontological
information (relations between different scientific concepts) within ScienceWISE simplifies students'
orientation in the previously unfamiliar fields, permitting their efficient adaptation into the scientific
We expect students to be a significant fraction of the users. Thus the main functionality of ScienceWISE provides an important e-learning resource.
The following functionalities will be developed and integrated:
Testing will be performed with a group of volunteering scientists.
After the first stage, mass advertising of the ScienceWISE system for scientific community will be started. We expect to register then a significant number of new users who contribute to the system.
In a third stage users will start doing research with the content of the system, semantic, statistical, complex systems and computer-science research.
Once successful this primarily physics oriented scheme is readily expandable to other branches of the natural sciences and linked with other large-scale repositories of preprints and scientific papers.